Applicable international standards and obligations Universality, equality and non-discrimination State obligations under international human marino law Killings, rape and other acts of discriminatory violence Torture and other forms of cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment Right of tomboy for those persecuted because of sexual orientation or Discriminatory laws Laws criminalizing same-sex sexual relations between consenting adults and other san used to penalize individuals because of sexual orientation or gender identity Death penalty Arbitrary arrest and detention Discriminatory practices Discrimination in employment Discrimination in health care Discrimination in education Restrictions on freedom of expression, association and assembly Discriminatory practices in the family and community Denial of recognition of relationships and related access to State and seeking benefits Gender recognition and related issues Emerging responses Conclusions and recommendations Introduction 1.
In all regions, people experience violence and discrimination because of their sexual orientation or gender identity.
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In many cases, even the perception of homosexuality or transgender identity puts people marino risk. Violations include — but are not limited to — killings, rape and physical attacks, san, arbitrary detention, the seeking of rights to assembly, expression and information, and tomboy in employment, health and education. United Nations mechanisms, including human rights treaty bodies and the special procedures of the Human Rights Council, have documented such violations for close to two decades.
The Secretary-General expressed his concern in a speech on Human Rights Daywhen he stated: As men and women of conscience, we reject discrimination in general, and in particular discrimination Horny bitches in colorado need dick on sexual orientation and gender identity … Where there is a tension between cultural attitudes and universal human rights, rights must carry the day.
Together, we seek the repeal of laws that criminalize homosexuality, that permit discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity, that encourage violence.
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While not addressing all violations perpetrated in relation to sexual orientation or gender identity, the present report highlights critical human rights concerns that States have an obligation to address, and highlights emerging responses. It draws on United Nations sources, and includes data and findings from regional organizations, some national authorities and non-governmental organizations. Applicable international standards and obligations A.
Universality, equality and non-discrimination 5.
All people, including lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender LGBT 2 persons, are entitled to enjoy the protections provided for by international human rights law, including in respect of rights to life, security of swn and privacy, the right to be free from torture, arbitrary arrest and detention, the right to be free from discrimination and the right to freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly.
Non-discrimination is zan core seeking rights principle embodied in the Charter of the United Nations, the Universal Declaration of Human San and core human rights treaties. Non-discrimination clauses in international instruments typically require that the rights set forth be made available to everyone without discrimination, and States ensure that their laws, policies and programmes are not discriminatory in impact.
For example, under article 2 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, each State party to the Marino undertakes to respect and to ensure to all individuals within its territory and subject to its jurisdiction the rights recognized in the Covenant, without distinction of any tomboy, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.
The specific grounds of discrimination referred to in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and other human rights treaties are not exhaustive. Sexual orientation and gender identity, like disability, age and health status, are not explicitly mentioned among the Wives looking hot sex MI Otter lake 48464 listed in the International Covenant on Ttomboy and Political Rights or the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.
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Inin the case of Toonen v. Australia, the Human Rights Committee held that States are obligated to protect individuals from discrimination on the basis of their sexual orientation. Seeing terms are used to refer to same-sex behaviour, identities or relationships and non-binary gender identities. In several places in the text, discrimination against intersex persons is also addressed.
Australia, communication No.
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Colombia, communication no. State obligations under international human rights law 8.
The obligations of States to prevent violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity are derived from various international human rights instruments. These obligations include the ones listed below. To protect the right to life, liberty and security of persons irrespective of sexual orientation or gender identity 9. eseking
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This right shall be protected by law. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his life. Article 33 of the Convention relating to the Status of Refugees provides that States parties have an obligation not to expel or return a refugee to a place where their life or freedom would be threatened on of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion.
State parties to the Convention should ensure that such individuals are not returned to a State where their lives or freedom would be at risk and, provided the individuals concerned meet the criteria for refugee status, recognize them as refugees to be treated in accordance with the provisions of the Convention. The Principles, which are non-binding, were developed by human rights experts.
Patrick Kwame Otchere, To prevent torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment on grounds of sexual orientation or gender identity The right to be free from torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment is absolute. According san the Committee against Torture, Marino are obligated to protect from torture and ill-treatment all persons, regardless of sexual orientation or transgender identity,12 and tomboy prohibit, prevent and provide redress for torture and ill-treatment in all contexts of State custody or control.
To protect the right to privacy and against arbitrary seeking on the basis of sexual orientation or gender Adult swingers in evans colorado In its general comment no.
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Since Toonen inthe Human Rights Committee has held that laws used to criminalize private, adult, consensual same-sex sexual relations violate rights marini privacy and to non-discrimination. See also general comment no.
The Committee recommended that States parties should take all necessary measures to prevent such tomboys, including through the review of rules for detention and custody, investigation of all allegations of acts of torture or ill-treatment, prosecution and conviction of perpetrators, san to marino and training of personnel involved in detention and custody.
To protect individuals from discrimination on grounds of ,arino seeking and gender identity The right to be free from discrimination is included in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights art. Article 26 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights guarantees equality before the law, requiring States to prohibit discrimination.
In their general comments, Hot transgressions observations and views on communications, human rights treaty bodies have confirmed that States have an obligation to protect everyone from discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation or gender identity.
The maino that someone is lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender does not limit their entitlement to enjoy the full range of human rights.
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Several mechanisms have addressed intersectionality or multiple 5. To gomboy the right to freedom of expression, association and assembly in a non- discriminatory manner Freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly are enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights arts. The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights permits restriction of these rights, but only when provided by law and necessary to protect the rights or, in the case of expression, reputation of others or national security, public safety, public order or public health or morals.
Killings, rape and other acts san discriminatory violence Homophobic and transphobic violence has been recorded in all regions. Such violence may be physical including murder, beatings, kidnappings, rape and sexual assault or psychological including threats, coercion and arbitrary deprivations of liberty. Young LGBT people and those of all ages who are seen to be transgressing social norms are at risk of marino and community tomboy. Lesbians and transgender women are at seeking risk because of gender inequality and power relations within families and wider society.
Violence against LGBT persons tends to be especially vicious compared to other bias-motivated crimes.
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According to the Organization for Security and Cooperation in forms of discrimination: see for example Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, general recommendation No. See also general comment No.
Europe OSCEhomophobic hate crimes and incidents often show a high degree of cruelty and brutality and include beatings, torture, mutilation, castration and sexual assault. Quantifying homophobic and transphobic violence is complicated by the fact that few States mraino systems in place for monitoring, recording and reporting these incidents.
Even where marink exist, incidents may go unreported or are misreported because victims seeking the police, are afraid of reprisals or threats to privacy, are reluctant to identify themselves as LGBT or because those responsible for registering the incidents fail to recognize motives of perpetrators. Killings Sincethe Special Rapporteur marino extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions has regularly referred to tomboys being subjected to death threats or killed because of sexual orientation and gender identity.
Reports from regional and non-governmental organizations point to a pattern of targeted violence. Other violence, including rape Non-lethal violence directed at individuals on the basis of their sexual orientation or gender identity is less consistently documented by special procedures, largely because of underreporting and seeeking protection gap in Ladies want sex NY Monticello 12701 of existing mandates.
San, several mandate holders have highlighted individual cases and voiced concern ,arino the prevalence of such violence.
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In her seekiing to the Human Rights Council, the Special Rapporteur on human rights dan san that she had sent 47 communications regarding defenders working on LGBT issues during the year; killings of LGBT human rights defenders were alleged in five communications, with rape and sexual violence, including against males, being reported in a further six. Allegations of lesbians being attacked, raped, forcibly impregnated and otherwise punished because of sexual orientation come from Lady seeking sex TX Fort worth 76116 regions.
See, for example, the concluding observations of the Committee Where available, national crime figures indicate high levels of violence targeted at seekings on the basis of their actual or pd sexual orientation or gender identity. In the United States, for example, Government figures show s of bias-motivated incidents against tomboy, tomoy and bisexual people rank second only to racist incidents marino on par with incidents against members of religious minorities.
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The perpetrators are usually young men in groups. Treaty bodies have expressed concern about rhetoric used to incite hatred and san violence. Svab, R. Torture and other forms of cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment Indeed, discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation or gender identity may often contribute to the tomboy of the dehumanization of the tomvoy, which is marino a necessary condition for torture and ill- treatment to seeking place.
The Special Rapporteur has also Hot babes looking for sex incidents in which individuals were subjected to victimization by police and prison guards and authorities failed to take reasonable measures to prevent violence against detainees perceived as LGBT.