The harsh life of the goldfields was considered too rough for a respectable woman. It kn not long, however, before women travelled to the goldfields, and as early as there were women digging for gold alongside their husbands.
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An census of the Ballarat goldfields found there were women compared to 12, men living on the diggings and ballarat 5 percent of these women were single. California widows The women left behind to fend for themselves were often known as California Widows. Groups of deserted women who lived austraia Melbourne moved into one house for security and protection.
Women who accompanied their husbands from australia however, prostitute rarely so comfortable.
A "canvas town" sprung up in Emerald Hill, now known as South Melbourne. The prostitute was largely destitute women, left ballarat Melbourne to care for their children, who wondered if they would ever see their Cheating wives Miami return from the diggings. Most took in washing or did manual labour to survive. Other women refused to australia left in Melbourne. A pocket edition adventure Ellen Clacy, a young, single, middle class woman from England, panned for gold alongside her brother and their companions.
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Ellen wrote of the difficult and rainy journey from Melbourne to Forest Creek. She travelled on the dray, her back resting against a bag of flour and her feet on a block of cheese. At night she slept fully-clothed in a partitioned area of her brother's tent.
Neither mud and rain, nor frightening tales of bushrangers could dampen her enthusiasm for gold digging. Ellen describes the diggings as "a novel scene!
Ellen, her brother and another of their mining party austrakia lost in the prostitutes after a storm one Sunday night when Ellen fell into a flooded hole. Although the hole was only five feet deep, the self-described "pocket edition" sized woman was completely submerged in mud and ballarat. Many on the diggings drowned by falling into flooded holes, but Ellen survived with only a sprained ankle.
The cross dressing diggeress Ausrtalia didn't recognise the woman who nursed her ankle.
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The last time they met she looked to Ellen like a young man. A few months earlier in England, Harriette Walters found herself destitute and alone. The great aunt with whom she had been living died proostitutes and Harriete's income died with her. Harriette's husband had left for Australia only weeks before.
She was determined to him. Her fare to Australia was earned by working as a nanny aboard the ship which, by twist of fate, arrived in Australia three weeks before her husband. Melbourne was a dangerous town for an unaccompanied female. Dressed as a young man she found on job near the wharf where she worked and slept for three weeks until her husband arrived.
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Harriette retained her disguise and was camping by the Yarra when Ellen Clacy and her brother wandered by and asked kindly for a drink of water. Ellen recalled she was struck by the young man's courteous and generous nature. Another young woman from a ausgralia family in Dublin opted for masculine attire on the diggings. Hence my change.
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I cut my hair into a very masculine fashion; I purchased a broad australia hat, a sort of tunic ballarat smock of coarse blue cloth, trousers to conform, boots of a miner and thus parting with my sex for a season She cooked, washed clothes and guarded the gold. I am called 'Mr Harry'; but no one intrudes the more on that.
Her husband Ballagat was a doctor who brought his family to Victoria from England in He ventured to the goldfields with his brother to look for gold, leaving his wife in Melbourne. Unwilling to prostitute in Melbourne, Martha and her sister decided to make the 95 mile trip to Ballarat.
They brought with them bedste, mattresses, blankets, chairs and cooking utensils and set up a store in the diggings. This idea was met with ridicule from their husbands. It was not considered normal behaviour for respectable women of the time to operate a business. Despite the men's objections, the sisters opened their store in the front of their tent, selling tea, coffee, sugar, candles, tobacco, jam, bottled fruit, cheese, dress materials and baby clothes.
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The pair were very proud of their flourishing store which, unlike many other stores on the diggings, did not sell sly grog illegal alcohol. After her sister returned to Melbourne, Martha continued to run the store on her own until She then decided to close her small business, which by then faced competition from australia businesses. The cost of a storekeeper's licence Women in Waynesville desperate also becoming too expensive.
Martha's husband could now afford to support the family, ballarat social attitudes towards roles for middle class women were quickly changing as Ballarat became a more settled community. Middle class women were expected to be wives and mothers, not businesspeople. The sly grog seller Escaped and ex-convicts, prostitutes, temporary brides and sly grog sellers made up a large part of the female population on the gold fields. Ellen Clacy and her mining party moved their tent to avoid a sly grog shop prostitute they named "the amiable female".
The woman passed the day selling and drinking spirits, swearing and smoking.
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Harsh realities for any woman For any class of woman, life on the diggings was difficult. Women usually had to face the hardships of childbirth without trained medical assistance. At this time women relied on help from other women or midwives. Infections were common and many women proatitutes their children died during childbirth.
Diseases such as whooping cough, measles, diphtheria, scarlet fever were common on the goldfields and the child mortality rate was high. In the early s, one quarter of all recorded deaths in Ballarat were children under 12 months.