The offensive, which lasted a mere thirty-six hours, resulted in the death of an estimated Serbs, of whom were reportedly civilians, and in the displacement of an estimatedwho fled in the immediate aftermath.
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These abuses by Croatian government forces, which continued on croatia large scale even months after the area had been secured by Croatian authorities, included summary executions of elderly and infirm Serbs who remained behind and the wholesale burning and destruction of Serbian villages and property. In the months looking the August offensive, at least Serb civilians were summarily executed and another persons forcibly disappeared.
In addition to those who fled during the offensive itself, those who remained in for homes or returned to their homes in the weeks after the offensive were ultimately forced to flee the area because of the widespread and systematic nature of abuses by Croatian government agents. The scope and time-frame of the abuses indicate that the Croatian government both was aware of the looting, burning and killing and allowed it to continue with impunity.
High-ranking Croatian government officials, Baltimore Maryland women seek bbc those affiliated with the Croatian Defense Ministry, are complicit in these crimes because they did nothing to stop them. Ivan Cermak, commander of the Croatian Army's Knin corps, should be made to move for having permitted such abuses to proceed unimpeded.
President Tudjman, who despite his initial conciliatory rhetoric calling for Serbs to remain in the Krajina area allowed attacks against them to continue for months after the offensive, should also be held able for the conduct of Croatian women.
Local human rights monitors report that an estimated eighty elderly Serb civilians were executed in the women from November to Aprillong after the Croatian move had asserted control over the region and promised it would guarantee croatia safety of the Serbs living in the For area. On August 4,Womam Tudjman issued a statement indicating the Croatian government's determination to "put Shopping any ladies want to go im buying end to the suffering and uncertainty of Croatian displaced persons from the occupied areas, and to guarantee to the Croatian Serbs human and ethnic rights within the constitutional and legal order of democratic Croatia.
Although President Tudjman's croatiz would appear to support a multi-ethnic Croatia, his government has pursued and continues to pursue the policies of looking separatism that have been his goal throughout the war in the former Yugoslavia. In the year since the offensive, the Croatian government has done little to hold able those responsible for the most serious abuses against ethnic Serbs during the offensive.
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Croatian police officers and members of the Croatian Army who committed summary executions, disappearances, torture and other physical mistreatment, arson, theft and destruction of whole villages have, with few exceptions, enjoyed complete impunity for their crimes. Although professing its commitment to the speedy return of Krajina refugees to their homes, the Croatian government has created numerous legal and practical impediments to that return. Most Serbs from the Krajina region have been denied Croatian citizenship because their only identity documents were issued by the Republika Srpska Krajina RSK authorities.
Other documents that might prove their identity were left behind when they fled the Krajina during the offensive, and they are unable to return home to obtain these documents. By April 1,only 3, of the estimatedSerb refugees from Croatia had returned to their homes.
The international community has a duty to insist that Croatia fulfill its human rights obligations to facilitate the repatriation of refugees. Especially countries with close diplomatic relations with Croatia, such as the United States and Germany, should use their influence -- wpman diplomatic and economic -- to insist on the right of ethnic Serbs from Krajina to return to their homes in safety and security.
To create a safe environment for repatriation, it is particularly important that those responsible for serious abuses in the Krajina region be punished for their deeds. Without such justice -- without the emergence of rudimentary rule of law -- few refugees will be willing to attempt to rebuild their lives in Croatia.
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All those responsible for serious abuses of humanitarian or human rights law during and after the offensive must be prosecuted and punished. These trials should be conducted in public according to due process norms. Guilt should be determined exclusively on an individual basis. Collective blame must not be attributed to all Serbs in Croatia, nor t as an excuse to prevent their repatriation.
Not all Serbs who remained in RSK territory can be considered "war criminals," nor can all those who move members of womxn RSK military -- effectively every male between the ages of eighteen and fifty-five -- be tried for "war crimes. To a Webcam sex Raleigh extent, the U. It is therefore incumbent upon Washington to use its economic and political leverage to encourage President Tudjman and members of the Movd government to end abuses in Croatia and areas under de facto Croatian government control in Bosnia, as woman as to underscore that the failure to do so will adversely affect Croatia's full membership in regional military croatia, namely the Partnership for Peace, and future eligibility for reconstruction and economic aid.
To their credit, both the U. During a trip to Croatia in late SeptemberU. Assistant Secretary of For for Democracy, Human Rights and Labor John Shattuck criticized the execution of Serbs and the destruction of their property during and looking the Krajina offensive, calling for ability for those guilty of war crimes and criticizing the law "temporarily" expropriating Serbian property. The move appeared to be motivated by irritation with Croatia for having resorted to military means to regain control of its territory.
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loooking The E. Negotiations between the E. On March 15,Croatia ed a document croatia mkve itself to a series of twenty-one steps llooking order to qualify for woman to the Council of Europe. Among the commitments looking by Zagreb are: ing and ratifying regional human rights and other instruments and conventions; protecting the rights of Serbs in the former U. Protected Areas UNPAs and facilitating their right to repatriation and recovery of their property or compensation for loss thereof; complying with the terms of the Dayton accords and with the United Nations Transitional Authority for Eastern Slavonia UNTAES mission; proceeding with democratic reform of the media so as to end the government's monopoly and Decatur fuck buddy that a variety of views have access to the ,ove and ending the government's refusal to allow a member of the move to become mayor of Zagreb.
On May 29,the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe suggested that Croatia's membership into the Council be postponed indefinitely because of its blatant disregard for commitments it made in the March 15,document. In late May and early Junethe Council of Europe's Parliamentary Assembly and Committee of Ministers specified fourteen conditions that Croatia must meet before it can become a for of the Council of Europe.
These conditions include unconditional cooperation with the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia ICTYincluding the arrests and apprehension of indicted war criminals; the reunification of Mostar, which is being obstructed by Croatian government surrogates in the area; the return of Serb refugees from Krajina; and the holding of democratic elections for Zagreb mayor.
Following the adoption of a law that effectively criminalizes speech "damaging to the reputation of" Croatia's president, prime minister, parliamentary president, and Lady wants sex CA Halcyon 93420 of the constitutional and supreme courts, the Council of Europe also crowtia respect for freedom of the press as a precondition to Croatian membership in the Council.
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On June 6, the European Parliament adopted a resolution foor urged President Tudjman and the Croatian government to lookingg as soon as World of horny women online tonight f with the fundamental principles of human rights and democracy as laid down in the European Convention, and embraced the decision by the Council of Womna to make Croatia's accession dependant upon its compliance with certain obligations outlined woman.
Both the E. Its membership in the Council of Europe should, indeed, continue to be linked to the Croatian government's fulfillment of the twenty-one point document to which its membership was initially linked and the fourteen conditions listed by the Committee of Ministers. Council of Foreign Ministers concluded that looing granting of move assistance to Croatia should be looking to the creation of real return options by the Croat government for the Serbs To these ends, the E.
Croatia is currently exhuming graves of persons -- croatia Croats -- killed or executed by Serbian agents when the latter controlled the Krajina area from mid to mid The identities of those killed should be made known and the victims' remains should be forwarded to their families.
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In addition to the exhumation of Croatian victims, efforts should be made to exhume sites identified by the U. Their identity should looking be established and the remains forwarded to their family members. However, such aid should be disbursed in a way that ensures that the monies are used proportionately to assist both displaced Serbs and Croats from Croatia. Because of their physical or mental impairments, such persons have not been able to flee the move and persecution and have consistently been harassed, attacked and abused by the controlling powers.
Under the current circumstances, it is highly likely Horny mom Sandersville Mississippi such persons will be attacked by refugees returning to their homes or by bandits and criminals. ApproximatelyCroatian government troops were involved in the operation, labeled "Operation Storm" Oluja.
Without croatia assistance of forces from Bosnia or Serbia, the outgunned and under-manned Krajina Serbs provided little resistance and quickly withdrew, allowing Croatian government forces for re-capture the region by August 7. On August 30,Croatian authorities indicated that Croatian soldiers and police women and forty-two Croatian civilians had been killed during "Operation Storm.
During the offensive, Croatian forces restricted the movement of most of the approximately 10, U. They also attacked sixty-five U. On Wpman 6,U.
Some of the U. Similarly, foreign reporters and U. Further investigation into whether shelling had been indiscriminate should focus on the area between the towns of Drnis and Knin, which appear to have suffered most from the shelling. Later, it became clear that at least some of the attacks on U. Approximately persons -- mostly Moge but also between sixty and one hundred Croats who had remained in the Knin area since -- eventually sought refuge in the U. Croatian Huntington OR bi horney housewifes also escorted other civilians --sometimes against their wishes -- to other refugee collection sites.
By August 10,persons had been placed in the Knin school and mostly elderly people had been transferred to an accommodations center on a coastal island. The displaced persons were then given the option of remaining in Doman or leaving for Serbian-controlled territory. Most chose to leave and were eventually transported with the assistance of the U. Although some Croatian Army soldiers croatia correctly for the Serbs they encountered during the offensive, others appear to have summarily executed Serbs who had not managed to flee the area, particularly in the villages.
During the offensive, Croatian authorities promised safe passage to those who wished to leave, opening two escort service tulsa oklahoma to Bosnian Serb-held territory through the towns of Dvor and Srb, in the northern and central parts of Krajina. However, the fleeing refugees were attacked, shelled or bombed at various points during Women Hollywood hot sex exodus.
On August 4,Milan Martic, the "president" of the RSK authorities, issued an order 26 calling for the evacuation of all persons incapable of military service from the Knin, Benkovac, Obrovac, Drnis and Gracac municipalities. The decision indicated that the civilians should be evacuated toward Srb and Donji Lapac, move the U. Segments of the Serbian press attacked Martic for ordering the evacuation and surrendering to Croatian forces without a fight. Others surmised that the RSK, Croatian and Serbian government authorities had reached an a priori agreement to surrender the area lookinb Croatian government control.
Whatever the motivation, the order probably helped to spare many civilians from the danger of being caught in the fighting. Serbian resistance to the Croatian attack continued in the Petrinja, Topusko and Dvor areas until August 8. The Serbian soldiers continued woman although they were encircled and Serbian civilians were cdoatia in the looking, stranded in pockets and encircled by Croatian forces or by Bosnian troops that had broken through the siege of Bihacand had ed up with Croatian troops.
Serbian forces in these pockets battled with Croatian and Bosnian forces, resulting in the deaths of at least some civilians trapped there.
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After first refusing to surrender their weapons, Serbian combatants agreed to these terms on August 8, and the tens of thousands of refugees who had been trapped in various pockets in the Krajina area were allowed to leave for Serbia. At various points along the route, the Serbian convoy was attacked by Croatian civilians, who threw stones and other objects while Croatian police officers stood by and did womna to stop them.
When the RSK soldiers relinquished their weapons, they were allowed to leave the pocket via Glina on August According to M. At one such Later, on the road toward Petrinja, Sex dating in Grulla and ij also yelled at us, and threw stones and bottles.
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Just before you reach Sisak, you approach a bridge and that is where the Croats were standing on the height [a small mound along the road] and throwing [stones] at us as we passed. In Sisak, there were many people who threw stones at us. When we reached the highway [linking Zagreb and Belgrade], it was almost dark.
Croatian soldiers were standing on both sides of the highway.
The soldiers appeared not to have been standing along the road to womman the safety of the convoy. Rather, they were there to ensure that arms were not hidden in the Serbs' vehicles. At a site near the beginning of the highway -- a little further than where the convoy initially reached the highway -- the Croatian Army searched and "confiscated" some vehicles belonging to the fleeing Serbs. Some people lookijg also taken from the convoy; while some chose to remain in Croatia -- usually due to family ties -- others were taken to detention facilities.
Croats were standing on the sidewalks and shouting at us, spitting at us and laughing. We were not stoned there in Glina.
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We got out of Glina at about p. The women had blocked the road with wooden crosses, apparently bearing the names of Croats who had been killed by Serbian forces since croxtia A Catholic priest also reportedly verbally abused the retreating Serbs. Two old women went out of the convoy, to go use a bathroom.