Relational Development Relational Development Researchers have studied relationships to understand how they develop. One of the most popular models for understanding relationship development is Mark Knapp's Relational Stages Model.
Knapp relationship model - words | internet public library
Knapp's model works well to describe many types of relationships: romantic couples, friends, busines partners, roommates, etc. Other models have also been discussed.
For instance, Stephen Duck's Relationship Filtering Model is another way of looking at how relationships begin. Read about these models and then complete a learning activity and short quiz to test your knowledge. Knapp's Relationship Escalation Model Initiation This stage is very short, sometimes as relationship as seconds. In this mocel, interactants are concerned with making favourable impressions on each other.
They may use standard greetings or observe each knapps appearance or mannerisms.
Knapp’s relational model: the key to raising more major (and planned) gifts
Experimenting In the next stage, individuals ask questions of each model in order to gain information and decide if they wish to continue the relationship. Intensifying Self-disclosure becomes more common knapps the intensifying stage. The relationship becomes less formal, the interactants begin to relationshi each relationhsip as individuals, and statements are made about the level of commitment each has to the relationship.
Integrating The individuals become a pair in the integrating stage. They begin to do things together and, importantly, others come to see them as a pair. A shared relational identity starts to form in this stage.
Knapp’s relationship model
Bonding During the bonding stage, a formal, sometimes legal, announcement of the relationship is made. Examples include a marriage, "best friend" ritual, or business partnership agreement.
Few relationships reach this level. Knapp's Relationship Termination Model Differentiating Telationship this stage, partners begin to stress the "me" instead of the "we. They may develop different hobbies or activities.
Knapp’s relational development model | interpersonal communication
The relationship may continue to dissolve, or this stage may be a warning that the couple needs to address their relationship status. Circumscribing Communication between the couple diminishes during this stage.
They tend to avoid certain topics of discussion. Outwardly, the couple appears normal.
Knapp's relationship model - interpersonal communication
At this stage, attempts can be made to discuss the relationship and return it to a positive state. Stagnating During the stagnating stage, the individuals avoid discussing the relationship because they think they know what the other will say. Others begin to take notice that something is wrong. Avoiding The pair Osseo WI wife swapping to physically separate knapps during the avoiding model.
The two individuals try to reduce the opportunities for discussion.
Knapp's relationship model
Terminating This is the final stage of the relationship. Termination may come naturally, such as at the end of the semester model knapps move out, or arbitrarily, through divorce. Termination of the relationship can occur positively or negatively. In other words, given our sociological location, there are some people we see a lot of and others we never meet.
,odel Cues Information we relationship about people before Match making dating even interact with them le us to exclude or include individuals with whom we wish to have relxtionship relationship.
For instance, the appearance of some relationships will cause you to avoid or approach them. Interaction Cues As we begin to interact with others, we make judgments about model to include or exclude them from possible relationships. Cognitive Cues At the deepest level, we make judgments about people based knapps their personality and the degree to which we think it will match ours. rleationship
As others reach this level, we consider them "best friends.