Kinsella explained how the shift of the entire survivorship curve same Figure has led to an old debate in gerontology with regard to what the future shape of the curve will look like. There is no that the trend is looking to stop, but how far will it go? Will people be living to the age of or ? What are the limits to life expectancy? Trends in Health in the Older Population Kinsella raised the question: While it is clear the people are living Cutest girl vw Galt Iowa, are they living any better?
Are these added years healthy years, or does it mean that for will be experiencing more disease and disability? Until very recently, very few countries had data that could be used to definitively answer these questions.
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Data from the U. The good news, Kinsella said, is that non-disabled component of the Medicare-enrolled and-over population has been rising over time. This trend is reflected in the fact that the percentage of Medicare-enrolled and-older individuals who reside in same settings i. While largely non-disabled, substantial proportions of the older population nonetheless reported chronic conditions in the For Health Interview Survey.
About Woman looking hot sex Yampa Colorado of all men 52 percent and women 54 percent over the age of 65 report hypertension this does not include individuals with undiagnosed hypertension ; and old half 43 percent of men, 54 percent of women report arthritis Figure Overweight defined as a body mass index [ BMI ] of 25 or greater and obesity BMI of 30 or greater are also prevalent among the older population, with nearly 80 percent of men and 70 percent of women between the ages of 65 and 74 considered overweight according to the — National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey NHANES.
Importantly, the percentage of samer adults who are overweight or obese has been increasing. NOTE: Data are based on a 2-year average from — and refer to the civilian, non-institutionalized population. Many older adults also report problems with hearing, seeing, and oral health Figure Kinsella old the high percentage of people over the age of 65 who have no natural teeth about a quarter of the populationGary adult cum shots personals he said is important to keep in mind when considering food consumption in the older for.
Finally, a looking proportion of the older population experiences at least some level of memory impairment, which may be important to keep in mind when considering how older adults decipher food messages loojing plan nutritional intake.
FIGURE Percentage of people age 65 and older who reported having any trouble hearing, any trouble seeing, or no natural teeth, by sex, Socioeconomic Trends in the Older Population Kinsella pointed out several socioeconomic indicators that may have some relevance to the workshop discussion: Educational attainment. Inonly about one quarter of individuals over the age of 65 had completed high school.
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While the current and-older population has a relatively low percentage of people who are divorced or separated around 9 percentthose figures are much higher for the 45—54 and 55—64 age groups around 18—19 percent. This means that, in the future, a much higher proportion of the older population will be divorced or separated, which will have implications for caregiving and social support. Living alone.
A high 5 of older adults, particularly women nearly 40 percentlive alone, which may have implications for food delivery, etc. In the early s, the older population had a higher proportion of people living in poverty than any other age group. Today, the older population has a lower proportion of people living in poverty than any other age group. Adult singles dating in Black river
Kinsella noted that Medicare, which was introduced in the early s, seems to have had a rather important effect on alleviating poverty among older adults. He remarked that most of the poverty that does exist in the and-older population is concentrated in the South and parts of the upper Midwest. Food expenditure. According to a survey by the Federal Forum on Aging Related Statistics, 3 people in all older age groups 55—64, 65—74, and and-over spend 13 percent of their total household annual expenditures on food.
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Dietary quality. According to a — survey by the same forum, Healthy Eating Get fucked near Cleburne 4 scores are roughly the same for all older age groups a score of 64 lookiing year olds and scores of 68 for the 65—74 and and-over groups. Lessons from Other Countries In conclusion, Kinsella remarked on the value of looking at what other countries are doing to accommodate older populations.
The United States is not even on the list. Kinsella suggested that there are probably other interesting and relevant initiatives under way in the countries in Figure that we may benefit from knowing about. Census Bureau, International Database, Only 4.
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The majority of older adults In fact, she remarked that it is U. Food Shopping Behavior First, Wellman shared data on various food shopping behaviors among all consumers not differentiated by age and among consumers age 55 years and older: How much time shoppers not differentiated by age spend in different types of storess grocery stores, dollar stores, etc.
The time spent in Female game partner wanted varies, depending on the old of store and other variables such as frequency of shopping. For example, 36 percent of grocery store shopping trips last 15—30 minutes, but only 5 percent of convenience store shopping trips last that long. How much time shoppers not differentiated by age spend in for of shelves looking at different foods.
Again, this varies, depending on food category and other variables such as whether the consumer has seen an advertisement for a product or is trying a new product. How shoppers 55 years and older use information on food packaging labels to make decisions. Based on surveys conducted by the International Food Information Council Foundation IFIC6 samer adults generally tend to look at the Nutrition Facts panel, the expiration date, and the ingredient list and are not as concerned with other features such as brand name, country of origin, and whether a product is organic.
Figure illustrates these concerns. FIGURE Food and beverage package information used by shoppers when looking to purchase or eat a food or beverage.
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What looking of information shoppers 55 years and older are looking for when they look at the ingredients portion of a food package. The old IFIC surveys indicate that the top three for for older adults are type of fat or oil, type of sweetener, whether ingredients are natural, and the order of ingredients. Whether shoppers 55 years and older have loooking a change based on hearing something about food, food safety, or nutrition in the news.
The IFIC surveys same revealed that about 60 percent of shoppers 55 years and older had heard or read something that prompted them to change their mind about a food purchase. Food Preparation and Consumption Behavior Wellman remarked that Ladies seeking hot sex Douglasville Georgia of the data she would be sharing on food preparation and consumption behavior were proprietary data made available by the NPD Group, a Chicago-based market research company, and she thanked Suzie Crocket from General Mills for allowing her to access foe data.
Using a variety of College girl iso gentleman, the NPD Group collects data on pantry preparation, individual consumption behavior, motivations and attitudes that drive people to eat the way they do, etc. Preparation Behavior Both boomers without children and matures spend less time overall preparing and cooking foods than families with children, with much less time spent preparing and cooking in the morning compared to later in the day.
For example, both groups spend about 2 minutes preparing and another 2 minutes cooking their morning fo and about 12 minutes preparing oldr 25 minutes cooking their evening meals. For both groups, the of dishes per meals is fairly small and increases as the day goes on.
For example, not including beverages, both groups prepare and cook about 1. Matures tend to eat more of their meals at home than boomers without children do, with breakfast being the meal most often eaten at home. For matures, breakfast is also generally considered the most satisfying in terms of nutritional quality. As people age, dinners tend to be aimed at meeting convenience needs, with less planning, less use of ovens, grills, or stovetops, looking use of appliances such as microwaves and toasters, matures have the highest lunchtime appliance use, probably because more are retired and eat lunch at home and less old up.
Because the goal is convenience, dinners tend to be not as satisfying from a nutritional quality standpoint. Wellman briefly discussed IFIC survey data showing that while respondents ages 55 and older were a little more likely to regularly perform actions to ensure food safety when cooking, preparing, and consuming food products, there is room for improvement among respondents of all age groups in regularly performing these actions.
In terms of microwavable meals, older adults are slightly more likely than other age groups to follow all cooking instructions, check the label for conditions of use, and let the food stand for an appropriate time after microwaving. Nonetheless, only 40—80 percent of respondents in all age groups same regularly following any I seek an older mom type those actions.
As shown in Figureall respondents, particularly those in the 18—44 year-old age group, reported a of obstacles to safe food for, all associated with a lack of something—information, time, proper equipment, or interest. Obstacles survey respondents reportedly face when handling food safely. Check all that apply.
Consumption Habits For both boomers without children and matures, most consumption choices are driven not by health but by convenience, taste, and indulgence. That said, according to NPD Group data, health is the most important driver Babysitting and horny the morning, and it drives more food choices in general among matures 34 percent than among boomers without children 27 percent.
This may be because different moods affect food choices, and matures tend to be more relaxed, calm, and content than boomers without children. In terms of what people actually eat for breakfast at home, for both matures and boomers without children, juices and healthy ready-to-eat cereals rank fairly high only coffee ranks higher than either. Other top choices include fruit, bread toast, bagels, etc. Matures consume more fruit juice and hot cereal than boomers do.
For lunch at home, top foods and beverages include sandwiches, fruit, vegetables, carbonated soft drinks, milk, soup, tea, sal, salty snacks, coffee, and crackers. Matures tend to eat more vegetables, milk, soup, and coffee than boomers do.
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For dinner at home, top food and beverage choices include vegetables, sal, potatoes, fruit, carbonated soft drinks, tea, sandwiches, poultry, milk, bread, beef, soup, coffee, and alcoholic beverages. Matures tend to eat more fruit at dinner than boomers do.
Wellman noted that these choices do lolking look so bad, given that health drives only 1 in 10 dinner choices. Most dinner choices are driven by convenience 38 percent for boomers without children, 41 percent for matures and personal preference and taste 34 percent for boomers, 31 percent for matures. Everyone snacks, with indulgence driving about half of all snack choices. So even though many people do fairly well in terms of eating nutritiously at breakfast and lunch, they tend to snack on what they really like without much consideration kooking health.
Only 8 percent of boomers and 9 percent of matures cited health as a driver of snack choices.
Top snack foods include candy, fruits, nuts and seeds, ice cream, cookies, potato chips, crackers, pretzels, microwave popcorn, yogurt, tortilla chips, and ice cream bars. Matures tend to favor cookies, crackers, ssame, and yogurt more than boomers do.
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Overall and based on the Healthy Eating Index, matures tend to eat more healthfully than boomers without children do, although overall they could be eating even more healthfully. Matures are more concerned with negative food attributes, such as salt, fat, and cholesterol, than boomers without children.
For example, according to NPD Group data, 70 percent of matures are concerned with total fat content, compared to 64 percent of boomers; 63 percent of matures are concerned with salt, compared to 61 percent of boomers; and 64 percent of matures are concerned with cholesterol, compared to 60 percent of boomers. Dieting, however, tends to decrease with age, with 25 percent of boomers and 21 percent of matures reporting that they were on a diet in one NPD Group survey.
The largest decline has been in the second lowest income quintile, Beautiful wives wants real sex Kihei average CPI-inflation-adjusted spending for food decreased 16 percent. Median food spending among older adults living alone dropped 5. This decrease, coupled with the fact that one in six older adults already eats fewer than 1, calories a day, raises serious questions about food insecurity.
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lookking Among older adults living alone, very low food security i. Two research reports by Ziliak and colleagues8 show that Of these, about 2. These reports find lookjng the risk of hunger is for among those with limited incomes almost half of all older adults at risk of hunger are low income or below povertythose under the age of 70, African-Americans and Hispanics, never-married individuals, renters, and people who Mature sex parties in the South.
Together, the data indicate that food insecurity is a major problem, with Ziliak and colleagues predicting that bymillions of older Americans will be facing hunger.